Rome guide

Rome Guide

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Areas of Rome: | The Vatican | Capitoline hill | Palatine hill | The Forums | Villa Borghese & Villa Giulia | Piazza del Popolo | Pantheon | Piazza Navona and Campo de' Fiori | Quirinal hill | Esquiline hill | Caelius hill | Aventine hill | Trastevere & Janiculum hill | Via Veneto | Outside the city walls |

Rome - Caelius hill area

The south eastern side of Rome from the Palatine and Forum to the city walls.

During the archaic period of Rome the hill used to be called "Mons Querculanus" due to the numerous oak trees growing on it. The 6th king of Rome, an Etruscan called Mcstarna but referred to by the Romans as Servius Tullius, renamed this hill Caelius. He did so in honour of his ally Caelius Vibenna: another Etruscan who had given his life to assist Servius in escaping imprisonment and breaking the power of the Etruscan priesthood and nobility.

The major site is the church of San Giovanni in Laterano. This was the Papal residence before the move to Saint Peter's and the Vatican and had been donated to the church by Emperor Constantine.

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"Rome areas and districts" was written by Giovanni Milani-Santarpia for - Rome apartments Hit Counter IXX/X/MMVI